[精讚] [會員登入]
510

國中小英文常用單字有多少?

最近在上週期表,提到那100多個元素與元素符號,也提到一些化學式。其實常用的元素符號不多,30個左右吧!這些元素可以組合

分享此文連結 http://n.sfs.tw/14436

分享連結 國中小英文常用單字有多少?@zfangの科學小玩意
(文章歡迎轉載,務必尊重版權註明連結來源)
最後編修
2020-01-17 09:32:28 By zfang
 

最近在上週期表,提到那100多個元素與元素符號,也提到一些化學式。其實常用的元素符號不多,30個左右吧!這些元素可以組合出許多種化合物,對學生說,『就像26個英文字母可以組合成許多單字一樣。元素符號是字母,化學式是單字,至於化學反應方程式則是一個完整的句子。』國中需要記憶的化學式也不多,就那些~( 哪些?才發現還沒有整理在網路上。手寫版的早就不見了~QQ)

突然想起一個問題:到底英文單字要背多少個才夠?我的英文很爛,所以會的單字也不多。到國外旅遊,就只用幾個單字能簡單對話就好。之前看paper或原文書,科學類的常用字詞,除了少屬專有學術用語,就是那些常見的動詞名詞形容詞,所以好像也勉強看看能懂。究竟要會多少個才夠呢?

無聊上網查了一下,原來英文有必備單字數目建議,例如:國小英文基本300字、國中英語1000字...常用7000字。難怪市面上可以見到這些單字書,當然,背的字彙越多,也能比較優美地將文句呈現。只是,光是背了單字不代表會用,要知道意思,還要學用法呢!

發現教育部在課程綱要裡訂了國中小英文有哪些單字是學生要會的,以下資料來自97英語科課程綱要(點選右側檔案下載英語科)。常用2000字詞,畫底線者為國民中小學最基本之1200個字詞。依字母排序:

 A─    a(an), a few, a little, a lot, a.m., able, about, above, abroad, absent, accept, accident, across, act, action, active, activity, actor, actress, actually, add, address, admire, adult, advertisement, advice, advise, affect, afraid, after, afternoon, again, against, age, ago, agree, ahead, aim, air, air conditioner, airlines, airplane (plane), airport, alarm, album, alike, alive, all, allow, almost, alone, along, aloud, alphabet, already, also, altogether, always, ambulance, America, American, among, amount, ancient, and, angel, anger, angry, ankle, animal, another, answer, ant, any, anyone (anybody), anything, anywhere, apartment, apologize, appear, apple, appreciate, April, area, argue, arm, armchair, army, around, arrange, arrive, art, artist, as, ask, asleep, assistant, assume, at, attack, attention, August, aunt, autumn (fall), available, avoid, away

 

 B─    baby, baby sitter, back, backpack, backward, bad, badminton, bag, bake, bakery, balcony, ball, balloon, banana, band, bank, barbecue, barber, bark, base, baseball, basement, basic, basket, basketball, bat, bath, bathe, bathroom, be (am, is, are, was, were, been), beach, bean, bear, beard, beat, beautiful, beauty, because, become, bed, bedroom, bee, beef, beer, before, begin, beginner, beginning, behave, behind, believe, bell, belong, below, belt, bench, beside, besides, between, beyond, bicycle (bike), big, bill, biology, bird, birthday, bite, bitter, black, blackboard, blame, blank, blanket, bless, blind, block, blood, blouse, blow, blue, board, boat, body, boil, bomb, bone, book, bookcase, bookstore, bored, boring, born, borrow, boss, both, bother, bottle, bottom, bow, bowl, bowling, box, boy, branch, brave, bread, break, breakfast, brick, bridge, bright, bring, broad, broadcast, brother, brown, brunch, brush, bucket, buffet, bug, build, building, bun, bundle, burger, burn, burst, bus, business, businessman, busy, but, butter, butterfly, button, buy, by

 

 C─    cabbage, cable, cafeteria, cage, cake, calendar, call, calm, camera, camp, campus, can (could), cancel, cancer, candle, candy, cap, captain, car, card, care, careful, careless, carpet, carrot, carry, cartoon, case, cash, cassette, castle, cat, catch, cause, ceiling, celebrate, cellphone, cent, center, centimeter, central, century, cereal, certain, chair, chalk, chance, change, channel, character, charge, chart, chase, cheap, cheat, check, cheer, cheese, chemistry, chess, chicken, child, childhood, childish, childlike, chin, China, Chinese, chocolate, choice, choose, chopsticks, Christmas, chubby, church, circle, city, clap, class, classical, classmate, classroom, clean, clear, clerk, clever, climate, climb, clock, close, closet, clothes, cloud, cloudy, club, coach, coast, coat, cockroach, coffee, coin, cola, cold, collect, college, color, colorful, comb, come, comfortable, comic, command, comment, common, company, compare, complain, complete, computer, concern, confident, confuse, congratulation, consider, considerate, contact lens, continue, contract, control, convenience store, convenient, conversation, cook, cookie, cool, copy, corn, corner, correct, cost, cotton, couch, cough, count, country, couple, courage, course, court, cousin, cover, cow, cowboy, crab, crayon, crazy, cream, create, credit card, crime, cross, crowd, crowded, cruel, cry, culture, cup, cure, curious, current, curtain, curve, custom, customer, cut, cute

 

 D─    daily, damage, dance, danger, dangerous, dark, date, daughter, dawn, day, dead, deaf, deal, dear, death, debate, December, decide, decision, decorate, decrease, deep, deer, degree, delicious, deliver, dentist, department, department store, depend, describe, desert, design, desire, desk, dessert, detect, develop, dial, diamond, diary, dictionary, die, diet, difference, different, difficult, difficulty, dig, diligent, diplomat, dining room, dinner, dinosaur, direct, direction, dirty, disappear, discover, discuss, discussion, dish, dishonest, distance, distant, divide, dizzy, do (does, did, done), doctor (Dr.), dodge ball, dog, doll, dollar, dolphin, donkey, door, dot, double, doubt, doughnut, down, downstairs, downtown, dozen, dragon, drama, draw, drawer, dream, dress, dresser, drink, drive, driver, drop, drugstore, drum, dry, dryer, duck, dumb, dumpling, during, duty

 

 E─    each, eagle, ear, early, earn, earrings, earth, ease, east, Easter, easy, eat, edge, education, effort, egg, eight, eighteen, eighty, either, elder, elect, elementary school, elephant, eleven, electric, else, e-mail, embarrass, emotion, emphasize, employ, empty, end, enemy, energetic, energy, engine, engineer, English, enjoy, enough, enter, entrance, envelope, environment, envy, equal, eraser, error, especially, eve, even, evening, event, ever, every, everyone (everybody), everything, everywhere, evil, exam, example, excellent, except, excite, excited, exciting, excuse, exercise, exist, exit, expect, expensive, experience, explain, express, extra, eye

 

 F─    face, fact, factory, fail, fair, fall, false, family, famous, fan, fancy, fantastic, far, farm, farmer, fashionable, fast, fat, father (dad, daddy), faucet, fault, favorite, fear, February, fee, feed, feel, feeling, female, fence, festival, fever, few, fifteen, fifty, fight, fill, film, final, finally, find, fine, finger, finish, fire, first, fish, fisherman, fit, five, fix, flag, flashlight, flat tire, flight, floor, flour, flower, flu, flute, fly, focus, fog, foggy, follow, food, fool, foolish, foot, football, for, foreign, foreigner, forest, forget, forgive, fork, form, formal, former, forty, forward, four, fourteen, fox, frank, free, freedom, freezer, freezing, French fries, fresh, Friday, friend, friendly, friendship, frighten, frisbee, frog, from, front, fruit, fry, full, fun, funny, furniture, future

 

 G─    gain, game, garage, garden, garbage, gas, gate, gather, general, generous, genius, gentle, gentleman, geography, gesture, get, ghost, giant, gift, girl, give, glad, glass, glasses, glove, glue, go, goal, goat, God, gold, golden, golf, good, good-bye (goodbye, bye), goodness, goose, government, grade, gram, granddaughter, grandfather (grandpa), grandmother (grandma), grandson, grape, grass, gray, great, greedy, green, greet, ground, group, grow, guard, guava, guess, guest, guide, guitar, gun, guy, gym

 

 H─    habit, hair, hair dresser, haircut, half, hall, Halloween, ham, hamburger, hammer, hand, handkerchief, handle, handsome, hang, hanger, happen, happy, hard, hardly, hard-working, hat, hate, have (has, had), he (him, his, himself), head, headache, health, healthy, hear, heart, heat, heater, heavy, height, helicopter, hello, help, helpful, hen, here, hero, hey, hi, hide, high, highway, hike, hill, hip, hippo, hire, history, hit, hobby, hold, hole, holiday, home, homesick, homework, honest, honesty, honey, hop, hope, horrible, horse, hospital, host, hot, hot dog, hotel, hour, house, housewife, housework, how, however, hug, human, humble, humid, humor, humorous, hundred, hunger, hungry, hunt, hunter, hurry, hurt, husband

 

I─     I (me, my, mine, myself), ice, ice cream, idea, if, ignore, ill, imagine, impolite, importance, important, impossible, improve, in, inch, include, income, increase, independent, indicate, influence, information, ink, insect, inside, insist, inspire, instant, instrument, intelligent, interest, interested, interesting, international, Internet, interrupt, interview, into, introduce, invent, invitation, invite, iron, island, it (its, itself)

 

 J─    jacket, jam, January, jazz, jealous, jeans, jeep, job, jog, join, joke, journalist, joy, judge, juice, July, jump, June, junior high school, just

 

 K─    kangaroo, keep, ketchup, key, kick, kid, kill, kilogram, kilometer, kind, kindergarten, king, kingdom, kiss, kitchen, kite, kitten, knee, knife, knock, know, knowledge, koala

 

 L─    lack, lady, lake, lamb, lamp, land, language, lantern, large, last, late, later, latest, latter, laugh, law, lawyer, lay, lazy, lead, leader, leaf, learn, least, leave, left, leg, lemon, lend, less, lesson, let, letter, lettuce, level, library, lick, lid, lie, life, lift, light, lightning, like, likely, limit, line, link, lion, lip, liquid, list, listen, liter, little, live, living room, loaf, local, lock, locker, lonely, long, look, lose, loser, loud, love, lovely, low, lucky, lunch

 

 M─    ma'am, machine, mad, magazine, magic, magician, mail, mailman (mail carrier), main, major, make, male, mall, man, manager, mango, manner, many, map, March, mark, marker, market, marry, married, marvelous, mask, mass, master, mat, match, math (mathematics), matter, maximum, may (might), May, maybe, meal, mean, meaning, measure, meat, mechanic, medicine, medium, meet, meeting, member, memory, men's room, menu, message, metal, meter, method, microwave, middle, midnight, mile, milk, million, mind, minor, minus, minute, mirror, Miss, miss, mistake, mix, model, modern, moment, Monday, money, monkey, monster, month, moon, more, morning, mop, mosquito, most, mother (mom, mommy), motion, motorcycle, mountain, mouse, mouth, move, movement, movie, Mr., Mrs., MRT, Ms., much, mud, museum, music, musician, must

 

 N─    nail, name, napkin, narrow, nation, national, natural, nature, naughty, near, nearly, necessary, neck, necklace, need, needle, negative, neighbor, neither, nephew, nervous, nest, net, never, new, news, newspaper, next, nice, nice-looking, niece, night, nine, nineteen, ninety, no, nobody, nod, noise, noisy, none, noodle, noon, nor, north, nose, not, note, notebook, nothing, notice, novel, November, now, number, nurse, nut 

 

 O─    obey, object, ocean, o'clock, October, of, off, offer, office, officer, often, oil, OK, old, omit, on, once, one, oneself, onion, only, open, operation, opinion, or, orange, order, ordinary, other, out, outside, oven, over, overpass, overseas, over-weight, own, owner, ox

 

 P─     p.m., pack, package, page, pain, painful, paint, painter, pair, pajamas, pale, pan, panda, pants, papaya, paper, pardon, parent, park, parking lot, parrot, part, partner, party, pass, passenger, past, paste, path, patient, pattern, pause, pay, PE (physical education), peace, peaceful, peach, pear, pen, pencil, people, pepper, perfect, perhaps, period, person, personal, pet, photo, physics, piano, pick, picnic, picture, pie, piece, pig, pigeon, pile, pillow, pin, pineapple, pink, pipe, pizza, place, plain, plan, planet, plant, plate, platform, play, player, playground, pleasant, please, pleased, pleasure, plus, pocket, poem, point, poison, police, polite, pollute, pollution, pond, pool, poor, pop music, popcorn, popular, population, pork, position, positive, possible, post office, postcard, pot, potato, pound, powder, power, practice, praise, pray, precious, prepare, present, president, pressure, pretty, price, priest, primary, prince, princess, principal, principle, print, printer, private, prize, probably, problem, produce, production, professor, program, progress, project, promise, pronounce, protect, proud, provide, public, pull, pump, pumpkin, punish, puppy, purple, purpose, purse, push, put, puzzle 

 

 Q─    quarter, queen, question, quick, quiet, quit, quite, quiz

 

 R─    rabbit, race, radio, railroad, railway, rain, rainbow, raincoat, rainy, raise, rare, rat, rather, reach, read, ready, real, realize, really, reason, receive, record, recorder, recover, rectangle, recycle, red, refrigerator, refuse, regret, regular, reject, relative, remember, remind, rent, repair, repeat, report, reporter, respect, responsible, rest, restaurant, restroom, result, return, review, revise, rice, rich, ride, right, ring, rise, river, road, rob, ROC, robot, rock, role, roll, roller skate (roller blade), roof, room, root, rope, rose, round, row, rub, rubber, rude, ruin, rule, ruler, run, rush 

 

 S─     sad, safe, safety, sail, sailor, salad, sale, salesman, salt, same, sample, sand, sandwich, satisfy, Saturday, saucer, save, say, scared, scarf, scene, scenery, school, science, scientist, scooter, score, screen, sea, seafood, search, season, seat, second, secondary, secret, secretary, section, see, seed, seek, seem, seesaw, seldom, select, selfish, sell, semester, send, senior high school, sense, sentence, September, serious, servant, serve, service, set, seven, seventeen, seventy, several, shake, shall, shape, share, shark, sharp, she (her, hers, herself), sheep, sheet, shelf, shine, ship, shirt, shoe(s), shop, shopkeeper, shoot, shore, short, shorts, should, shoulder, shout, show, shower, shrimp, shut, shy, sick, side, sidewalk, sight, sign, silence, silent, silly, silver, similar, simple, since, sincere, sing, singer, single, sink, sir, sister, sit, six, sixteen, sixty, size, skate, ski, skill, skillful, skin, skinny, skirt, sky, sleep, sleepy, slender, slice, slide, slim, slippers, slow, small, smart, smell, smile, smoke, snack, snail, snake, sneakers, sneaky, snow, snowman, snowy, so, soap, soccer, social, society, socks, soda, sofa, soft drink, softball, soldier, solve, some, someone (somebody), something, sometimes, somewhere, son, song, soon, sore, sorry, soul, sound, soup, sour, south, soy-sauce, space, spaghetti, speak, speaker, special, speech, speed, spell, spend, spider, spirit, spoon, sports, spot, spread, spring, square, stairs, stamp, stand, star, start, state, station, stationery, stay, steak, steal, steam, step, still, stingy, stomach, stomachache, stone, stop, store, storm, stormy, story, stove, straight, strange, stranger, straw, strawberry, stream, street, strike, strong, student, study, stupid, style, subject, subway, succeed, success, successful, such, sudden, sugar, suggest, suit, summer, sun, Sunday, sunny, super, supermarket, supper, support, sure, surf, surprise, surprised, survive, swallow, swan, sweater, sweep, sweet, swim, swimsuit, swing, symbol, system

 

 T─    table, table tennis, tail, Taiwan, take, talent, talk, talkative, tall, tangerine, tank, tape, taste, taxi, tea, teach, teacher, team, teapot, tear, teenager, telephone (phone), television (TV), tell, temperature, temple, ten, tennis, tent, term, terrible, terrific, test, textbook, than, thank, Thanksgiving, that, the, theater, then, there, therefore, these, they (them, their, theirs, themselves), thick, thief, thin, thing, think, third, thirsty, thirteen, thirty, this, those, though (although), thought, thousand, three, throat, through, throw, thumb, thunder, Thursday, ticket, tidy, tie, tiger, till, time, tiny, tip, tired, title, to, toast, today, toe, tofu, together, toilet, tomato, tomorrow, tongue, tonight, too, tool, tooth, toothache, toothbrush, top, topic, total, touch, toward, towel, tower, town, toy, trace, trade, tradition, traditional, traffic, train, trap, trash, travel, treasure, treat, tree, triangle, trick, trip, trouble, trousers, truck, true, trumpet, trust, truth, try, T-shirt, tub, tube, Tuesday, tunnel, turkey, turn, turtle, twelve, twenty, twice, two, type, typhoon

 

 U─    ugly, umbrella, uncle, under, underline, underpass, understand, underwear, unhappy, uniform, unique, universe, university, until, up, upon, upper, upstairs, USA, use, useful, usual, usually

 

 V─    vacation, Valentine, valley, valuable, value, vegetable, vendor, very, vest, victory, video, village, vinegar, violin, visit, visitor, vocabulary, voice, volleyball, vote 

 

 W─    waist, wait, waiter, waitress, wake, walk, walkman, wall, wallet, want, war, warm, wash, waste, watch, water, waterfalls, watermelon, wave, way, we (us, our, ours, ourselves), weak, wear, weather, wedding, Wednesday, week, weekday, weekend, weight, welcome, well, west, wet, whale, what, wheel, when, where, whether, which, while, white, who, whole, whose, why, wide, wife, wild, will (would), win, wind, window, windy, wing, winner, winter, wise, wish, with, without, wok, wolf, woman, women's room, wonderful, wood, woods, word, work, workbook, worker, world, worm, worry, wound, wrist, write, writer, wrong

 

 Y─    yard, year, yell, yellow, yes (yeah), yesterday, yet, you (your, yours, yourself, yourselves), young, youth, yummy

 

 Z─     zebra, zero, zoo

   

Z 的單字,我還會多記一個~~~~ 就是 zfang         啦啦啦!

(理化的化學式,課綱中倒是沒有提,到底化學式該背多少個呢?另外,中文的常用字究竟有多少個??又好奇了。)

 

END

你可能感興趣的文章

[黃金傳說II]馬桶不通,碎冰真能通?? 本篇文章分享[用碎冰解決馬桶不通無效]的經驗~場景與部份畫面怕影響食慾,建議準備好再看!

舊門牌裡的小趣味~文字巷、衖與弄 寒假時,對地址門牌感到興趣,刻意在逢甲附近專門鑽些小巷弄邊散步邊尋寶。在華夏二村意外看見這個門牌~ 吸引我的有三個部份,

蒸便當的回憶 回娘家意外看到這個便當盒,隔了十多年,高中的蒸飯牌還貼在上面。 還記得當時是幾個班共用一個蒸飯箱(自己控制),蒸飯的小房

說與知音聽 向外看世界 親子科學樂 生活二三事 [ZF食驗]第一次做黑糖饅頭(料理外行人的食驗紀錄) 第一次做黑糖饅頭,純手工。此為料理外行人的食驗紀錄。所有比例與方法皆為本人感覺^^,記錄下來是怕以後忘記。 想做正統的,

水瀑牆的洗『禮』~苔色入牆青 不知是否刻意設計,要讓水瀑

右翻還是左翻?不同語言版本的哆啦A夢漫畫 不同語言版本的哆啦A夢漫畫長怎樣?

[ZF食驗]第一次做樹葡萄果醬 同事送我一小袋樹葡萄,這是我第二次收到這種水果。樹葡萄又名嘉實果,長在樹上~雖然外型像葡萄,但口味跟葡萄差很多,果皮酸澀

那天的雲彩無限好 暑假下午沒課時幾乎都在家,趁著孩子不在身邊,就這麼窩在電腦面前,直到夜晚來臨。 客廳主窗面西,雖然有西曬的困擾,但20樓

沒副檔名相片打不開?批次更改副檔名 申明:這是”素人”經驗,不是電腦高手那種。zfang的方法很笨不漂亮,文章又寫得囉嗦,但能解決問

砧板的回憶 星期六下午,帶著孩子騎單車四處逛逛,來到已經休息的市場。 某個攤上,看到一截樹幹就這麼放在地上。 這樹幹是做什麼的呢?

我有話要說


限制:留言最高字數1000字,超過部分會被截掉。請注意:留言不可帶有網址,會被濾掉。 限制:未登入訪客,每則留言間隔需超過10分鐘,每日最多5則留言。

訪客留言

[無留言]

隨機好文

針孔成像與暗箱攝影 18世紀的風景畫,流行用『暗箱』一種工具。它的原理其實就是針孔成像...

不只是『立竿見影』~我在德國的日晷映像 相片是2005年暑假去德國旅遊時拍攝的,將我所看見的日晷整理如下,當時只覺得日晷很漂亮,沒想到其中學問大~

立體圖卡與多變幻卡 『用正面的角度看世界,快樂就會無所不在。』翻動會出現二個變換的圖案,你們知道它也是科學嗎?

新聞來找碴~結晶還是發霉?肥皂長毛了 (60's Fuzzy Wuzzy Bath Soap) 「…打開一盒新的肥皂時,發現肥皂上竟然有白色的毛,不禁懷疑難道肥皂也會發霉?」光滑的肥皂上怎麼會長出毛髮?要怎麼知道是發霉還是結晶呢?

葉面上的小寶寶 ~蕾絲姑娘落地生根 這回,看到的不是落地才生根,而是『葉還未落地,小葉芽就先準備好了』的